ABBASID Al Mahdi 775-785 AD ghitrifi dirham Bokhara mint


ABBASID, Al Mahdi, 775-785 AD, dirham, no date, Bokhara mint, Obverse: bust R, Reverse: fire altar with attendants, head in flames, billon, 25.5mm, 2.73g, so-called ghitrifi dirham, with Sasanian types in a distinctive local style, A94, MI-295, cleaned, F

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The Iranic Lords of Bukhara (Bokhara) made distinctive local imitations of Sasanian coins, which continued to circulate in the early centuries of the Arab occupation. The types were revived for a while in the time of the Abbasid Caliph Al Mahdi (Al-Mahdi).

The Abbasid revolution was a response to the nepotic corruption of the Umayyad government, which annoyed the disfavored elements of society to the extent that rich and poor united to throw the bums out. As always in that era the complaints were couched in religious terms, but it was about bad government.

The term “Islamic coins” refers to coins made by Muslim governments from the time of the first caliphs to an end point in time that varies with the particular country being considered, but is generally some time from the 17th to 19th century. There is a geographic exclusion: India and points east are generally considered separately. The main reference used here is “Checklist of Islamic Coins,” by Stephen Album.