ABBASID Al Mahdi 775-785 AD silver dirham 166 AH Al-‘Abbasiyyah mint

$65.00

ABBASID, Al Mahdi, 775-785 AD, dirham, 166 AH (782-3 AD), Al-‘Abbasiyyah mint, Reverse: governor’s name Yazid as fourth line, silver, 26mm, 2.69g, A215.2, crude F

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Description

Al-‘Abbasiyyah was a mint town in modern Tunisia during the time when the Abbasid Caliphs sent governors to rule the province of Ifriqiyyah.

Al-Mahdi became caliph when his father, Al-Mansur, died. He worked on subduing the eastern provinces, had good relations with the Byzantines and later turned into fighting. He died either of poison or by falling off his horse while hunting.

North Africa east of Egypt was called Africa by the Romans and Byzantines. The name became Ifriqiyyah when the Arabs conquered it at the end of the 7th century AD.

The Abbasid revolution was a response to the nepotic corruption of the Umayyad government, which annoyed the disfavored elements of society to the extent that rich and poor united to throw the bums out. As always in that era the complaints were couched in religious terms, but it was about bad government.

The term “Islamic coins” refers to coins made by Muslim governments from the time of the first caliphs to an end point in time that varies with the particular country being considered, but is generally some time from the 17th to 19th century. There is a geographic exclusion: India and points east are generally considered separately. The main reference used here is “Checklist of Islamic Coins,” by Stephen Album.