AFGHANISTAN rupee 1333 AH (1915 AD)


AFGHANISTAN, Habibullah Barakzai, 1901-19, rupee, 1333 AH (1915 AD), Obverse: AMIR HABIBULLAH…, star above, Reverse: mihrab in radiant 8-pointed star, YEK RUPIAH above, crossed cannons below, silver, 25mm, 0.1479 ozT, KM853, small edge clip ERROR, VF

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Habibullah was a reformer and modernizer. He maintained neutrality during World War I and had friendly relations with the British in India.

The Barakzai are Pashtuns. They were related to the Durrani kings who ruled Afghanistan in the 18th and 19th centuries. When they came to be mistreated by the Durrani shah war developed, which they won.

Afghan history goes back to the paleolithic era. It started being Islamized in the 8th century AD. The borders have always been fluid. Invaders have come and gone. Local conquerors have burst out of Afghanistan into neighboring regions. Maybe a generation or two of peace here or there.

Middle East is, generally spealing, Morocco east to Afghanistan, Sudan in the south to Turkey in the north.

By “Modern World Coins” we mean here, generally, the round, flat, shiny metal objects that people have used for money and still do. “Modern,” though, varies by location. There was some other way they were doing their economies, and then they switched over to “modern coins,” then they went toward paper money, now we’re all going toward digital, a future in which kids look at a coin and say “What’s that?” We’ll say: “We used to use those to buy things.” Kids will ask “How?” The main catalog reference is the Standard Catalog of World Coins, to which the KM numbers refer.