ANCIENT CHINA ge bi or halberd money


CHINA, ZHEJIANG, YUE state, circa 350 BC, ge bi or halberd money, no date, some raised lines on both sides, Reverse: flat, bronze, 99x33g, 3.51g, broken, VF

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The prototype was a heavy battle axe type of weapon. These are obviously a kind of money imitating a local product. A few hundred were discovered in the 1990s and a smaller number made it to the coins market.

Yue state was one of the local powers in Zhejiang province during the Warring States period at the end of the Zhou Dynasty.

Zhou dynasty was a confederation of little kingdoms with a figurehead Emperor. Various constituent states started using money in their commercial activities. Odd shaped coins such as spade, knife, ant, nose, yibi, and possible money items like fish and cicada money were followed by the early round coins.

The oldest Chinese coins are at least as old as the earliest Greek coins. The Chinese coinage system differed from other systems in two ways. It was monometallic, only bronze coins circulated in general commerce. Gold and silver were treated as commodities. And the manufacturing method was by casting in moulds rather than by striking heated solid planchets. The main reference I use in attributing and describing these coins is the book: Chinese Cast Coins, by David Hartill.