ARAB-SASANIAN, EASTERN SISTAN, Salih Rida, circa 780s AD, drachm


ARAB-SASANIAN, EASTERN SISTAN, Salih Rida, Umayyad Governor, circa 780s, drachm, no date, Obverse: bust R, legend around, Reverse: fire altar and attendants, no legend, triple beaded circle around, silver, 31mm, 3.28g, A89D, bit of crust on edge, F

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Sasanian norms and forms persisted in the eastern provinces of the Arab Empire for several centuries.

Sistan is a region in eastern Persia. In ancient times it was called Sakastan, where the Sakas (Scythians) lived.

The founder of the Umayyad dynasty was governor of Syria at the time of the war that established the Sunni-Shia split. At that point Muslims were in military occupation of territory from Egypt to Afghanistan. The Umayyads ruled for about 100 years, never established a peaceful succession method, ruled mostly badly, were overthrown by a popular revolutionary movement.

The term “Islamic coins” refers to coins made by Muslim governments from the time of the first caliphs to an end point in time that varies with the particular country being considered, but is generally some time from the 17th to 19th century. There is a geographic exclusion: India and points east are generally considered separately. The main reference used here is “Checklist of Islamic Coins,” by Stephen Album.