AUSTRIA, bronze medal for Boer War injured veterans, 1900


AUSTRIA, medal, 1900, Vienna mint, Obverse: bust 1/2 L, PAUL KRUGER PRESIDENT DER ZUID AFRIKAANSCHE REPUBLIEK 10. OCT. 1825 A SCHARFF, Reverse: oak tree, tiny sheep L below, AAN DE DAPPERE STRIJDERS EN VRIJHEID 1899-1900, Edge: plain, cast bronze, 39.5mm, 25.33g, AM115, Hern260, Laidlaw0051, bit of glue residue on reverse, AU

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The medal was commissioned by Baron Bachhovon von Echt, to support dependents of Boer soldiers killed or wounded in battle. (t displays a facet of the Pan-German thought elements that were bouncing around in Europe at the time.

There are two kinds of things that are called “medals.” One is things that look like coins but don’t express a value. Sometimes those medals are considerably larger than most coins. The other kind of medal is a metal thing designed to be displayed on one’s chest, often a reward for something, often in a military context. If the medal is small enough it is sometimes called a “medallet.”

The word “exonumia” is used to describe all kinds of things that are “like” coins but are not coins. I wrote a blog post on that subject. Basic categories: 1. used like a coin but not issued by a national government, 2. looks like a coin but not made for spending, 3. other things that we are interested in.