AUSTRIA, Maria Theresia thaler, 1780 (1940-41) X, Bombay mint


AUSTRIA, Maria Theresia thaler, 1780 (1940-41 AD) X, Bombay mint, Obverse: lettering touches edge, missing details, “oval” diadem pearls,silver, 39mm, 0.7517 ozT, H64, VF

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During World War II Bombay mint in British India made Maria Theresia thalers in support of its military activities in East Africa.

From the late 19th century until the 1960s the “Maria Theresia thaler” became the standard dollar sized silver coin in parts of Arabia and East Africa from Sudan as far south as Angola. Only the X mintmarked types were used, which had not been put on the original 1780 issue. The Vienna mint was the prime issuer, they had a good markup, but other countries got into the act in a small way.

The political arrangements that resulted in the nations of modern Europe began to emerge out of anarchy starting in the 7th century AD or so. Europe, for our purposes stretches from Greenland to somewhere in Russia. Collectors of Europe would likely include Russia. Collectors of Asia, even though about 2/3 of Russia is in Asia, probably not.

By “Modern World Coins” we mean here, generally, the round, flat, shiny metal objects that people have used for money and still do. “Modern,” though, varies by location. There was some other way they were doing their economies, and then they switched over to “modern coins,” then they went toward paper money, now we’re all going toward digital, a future in which kids look at a coin and say “What’s that?” We’ll say: “We used to use those to buy things.” Kids will ask “How?” The main catalog reference is the Standard Catalog of World Coins, to which the KM numbers refer.