AUSTRIA SALZBURG half thaler 1682


AUSTRIA, SALZBURG, Maximilian Gandalf, 1668-87, half thaler, 1682, Obverse: radiant triangle above hatted arms, A MAX GAND EX COM/IT DE KUENBURG ARCHIEP & PR SAL SED AP LE GER PRIM FVNDATORI AVCTORI CONSERVATORI DEO PRO GRATIA GRATIAE FVNDATI ARCHIEPTVS SAL ISB VNDECIMO SÆCULO, Reverse: 5 saints, SS: Martin’ EP: VINCENTI’ M: CHRYSANTH’ ET DARIA MM: TRANS- LATI, silver, 36mm, 14.09g, 1100th anniversary of founding of the Bishopric, KM232, mount mark, cleaned VF

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Salzburg is in northwestern Austria. It was a Roman village, was colonized by Bavaria, became a bishopric in 696 AD, archbishopric in 798. They didn’t mine salt, says Wikipedia, they taxed it. There was a bit of gold mining too. The archbishops were princes of the Holy Roman Empire. The city functioned independently until Napoleon, who .gave it to a buddy. It’s ownership bounced around during the Napoleonic wars. From 1816 it has been part of Austria.

The political arrangements that resulted in the nations of modern Europe began to emerge out of anarchy starting in the 7th century AD or so. Europe, for our purposes stretches from Greenland to somewhere in Russia. Collectors of Europe would likely include Russia. Collectors of Asia, even though about 2/3 of Russia is in Asia, probably not.

By “Modern World Coins” we mean here, generally, the round, flat, shiny metal objects that people have used for money and still do. “Modern,” though, varies by location. There was some other way they were doing their economies, and then they switched over to “modern coins,” then they went toward paper money, now we’re all going toward digital, a future in which kids look at a coin and say “What’s that?” We’ll say: “We used to use those to buy things.” Kids will ask “How?” The main catalog reference is the Standard Catalog of World Coins, to which the KM numbers refer.