BOHEMIA John of Luxembourg 1310-46 pragergroschen


BOHEMIA, John of Luxembourg, 1310-46, pragergroschen, no date, Kutna Hora mint, Obverse:  crown, +IOANRES PRIMVS, DEI GRATIA REX BOEMIE, Reverse: double tailed lion rampant L, GROSSI PRAGENSES, silver, 28mm, 3.76g, S396, dark reverse, bits of crust, VF

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John the Blind was son of the Holy Roman Emperor Henry VII. He attacked and deposed the existing King of Bohemia and John took over. He stabilized the situation in Bohemia, then went to Luxembourg, then France, where he engaged in European political activity on the highest levels. He became blind while on Crusade in Lithuania, and died fighting the English at the Battle of Crecy.

Bohemia is the western part of the Czech Republic. It was in the migration route from Asia and hosted waves of Celts, Huns, Germans, Slavs, finally the Mongols came and left. In the Middle Ages it was a powerful kingdom. Later it was absorbed into the Holy Roman Empire.

The political arrangements that resulted in the nations of modern Europe began to emerge out of anarchy starting in the 7th century AD or so. Europe, for our purposes stretches from Greenland to somewhere in Russia. Collectors of Europe would likely include Russia. Collectors of Asia, even though about 2/3 of Russia is in Asia, probably not.

By “Modern World Coins” we mean here, generally, the round, flat, shiny metal objects that people have used for money and still do. “Modern,” though, varies by location. There was some other way they were doing their economies, and then they switched over to “modern coins,” then they went toward paper money, now we’re all going toward digital, a future in which kids look at a coin and say “What’s that?” We’ll say: “We used to use those to buy things.” Kids will ask “How?” The main catalog reference is the Standard Catalog of World Coins, to which the KM numbers refer.