BUWAYHID ‘Imad Al Daulah Abu Al Husein dirham 328 AH (939 AD) Arranjan mint


BUWAYHID, ‘Imad Al Daulah Abu Al Husein, 934-939 AD, dirham, 328 AH (939 AD), Arranjan mint, silver, 27mm, 3.96g, A1540, aVF

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Imad Al-Dawlah (Daulah) was in service with the Samanids, who sent him to fight the Ziyarids. He switched sides, but the Ziyarid didn’t trust him and he had to leave quickly. He ended up in Arranjan. From there he expanded his realm and wangled recognition from the Caliph. He proceeded to conquer most of Persia.

The Buwayhids (Buyids, Buyyids, etc.) were Persians of the Shi’a persuasion, originally from the Daylam region. The government was a federation of local Amirs (Commanders), who cooperated and fought with each other, often at the same time. Collectively, they ruled Mesopotamia and Persia until the coming of the Seljuk Turks.

The term “Islamic coins” refers to coins made by Muslim governments from the time of the first caliphs to an end point in time that varies with the particular country being considered, but is generally some time from the 17th to 19th century. There is a geographic exclusion: India and points east are generally considered separately. The main reference used here is “Checklist of Islamic Coins,” by Stephen Album.