BUWAYHID Samsam Al-Daulah dirham 383 AH (993 AD) Sherez mint


BUWAYHID, Samsam Al-Daulah, sub-ruler in Fars, Kirman, and Oman, 990-997 AD, dirham, 383 AH (993 AD), Shiraz mint, silver, 25mm, 3.28g, A1570, flat spots, aVF

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Samsam was a secondary Amir in the Buwayhid realm. He fought with his relatives and contended with rebellions, and was murdered by one of his rivals.

The Buwayhids (Buyids, Buyyids, etc.) were Persians of the Shi’a persuasion, originally from the Daylam region. The government was a federation of local Amirs (Commanders), who cooperated and fought with each other, often at the same time. Collectively, they ruled Mesopotamia and Persia until the coming of the Seljuk Turks.

The term “Islamic coins” refers to coins made by Muslim governments from the time of the first caliphs to an end point in time that varies with the particular country being considered, but is generally some time from the 17th to 19th century. There is a geographic exclusion: India and points east are generally considered separately. The main reference used here is “Checklist of Islamic Coins,” by Stephen Album.