CHINA QING Dynasty 1 cash 1796-1820 AD JIA QING TONG BAO Suzhou mint Jiangsu dot upper left reverse


CHINA, QING Dynasty, 1644-1911 AD, 1 cash, no date (1796-1820 AD), Suzhou mint, Jiangsu, Obverse: JIA QING TONG BAO, broad rim, Reverse: BOO SU left-right, broad rim, dot upper left, bronze, 25.5mm, 3.96g, H22.525, C16-2.1, mould breaks on reverse too, the dot is probably a mould defect, not a deliberate markVF

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In the Jia Qing period a rebellion led by a vegetarian and gender-egalitarian religious group called the White Lotus Society endured for eight years. Famine produced large migrations of Han Chinese into Manchuria and Mongolia. There was unrest in Xinjiang.

A rebel took Beijing and the last Ming Emperor committed suicide. A Ming loyalist general invited the Manchus into China to aid the Ming heir but instead they proceeded to conquer the country in what some think produced more casualties than any previous war. The Qing Dynasty promoted culture and the economy flourished until the Europeans arrived with their Industrial Revolution and opium.

The oldest Chinese coins are at least as old as the earliest Greek coins. The Chinese coinage system differed from other systems in two ways. It was monometallic, only bronze coins circulated in general commerce. Gold and silver were treated as commodities. And the manufacturing method was by casting in moulds rather than by striking heated solid planchets. The main reference I use in attributing and describing these coins is the book: Chinese Cast Coins, by David Hartill.