CHINA QING Dynasty 1 cash 1898-1905 AD GUANG XU TONG BAO Kaifeng mint Henan dot in circle bottom reverse

$25.00

CHINA, QING Dynasty, 1644-1911 AD, 1 cash, no date (1898-1905 AD), Kaifeng mint, Henan, Obverse: GUANG XU TONG BAO, Reverse: BOO HE left-right, dot in circle bottom, brass, 21.5mm, 2.16g, H22.1352v, C11-9.7 variety, crusty, F

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Description

The dot is called “Sun” from a mythical point of view, and denotes yang, male, hot, projective, etc., as the crescent is the “Moon,” and points to yin, female, cool, receptive, etc. SO dot in circle makes sense. On the other hand, some people have told me that the dot might just be sloppy mould stuff, and that might be correct.

During the Guang Xu reign the country and the coinage went through difficult times but the government managed to hold on. European style struck coins were introduced, and the old and new money systems coexisted for several decades.

A rebel took Beijing and the last Ming Emperor committed suicide. A Ming loyalist general invited the Manchus into China to aid the Ming heir but instead they proceeded to conquer the country in what some think produced more casualties than any previous war. The Qing Dynasty promoted culture and the economy flourished until the Europeans arrived with their Industrial Revolution and opium.

The oldest Chinese coins are at least as old as the earliest Greek coins. The Chinese coinage system differed from other systems in two ways. It was monometallic, only bronze coins circulated in general commerce. Gold and silver were treated as commodities. And the manufacturing method was by casting in moulds rather than by striking heated solid planchets. The main reference I use in attributing and describing these coins is the book: Chinese Cast Coins, by David Hartill.