DELHI SULTANS Fath Khan 32 rati (1359 AD)


DELHI SULTANS, Fath Khan, viceroy for his father Firuz III in Jaunpur 1362-90 AD?, 32 rati, no date (1359 AD), no mint, Obverse: FATH KHAN FIRUZ SHAH JALL ALLAH ZILLALHUAHU JALALAHU, Reverse: FI ZMAN AL IMAM AMIR AL MUMININ ABI AL FATH KHULIDAT KHILAFATUH, billon, 14-15mm, 3.38g, GG-D513, aVF

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A very rare name: son of the Sultan.

Fath Khan was given Royal status by his father, Firuz Tughlaq, in 1359 AD. That gave him the right to strike coins, which he did. He ruled in the eastern provinces that later became the Jaunpur Sultanate.

Dehli is how Delhi is written in Arabic. The Dehli Sultans, or “slave kings of Delhi,” started out as Turkish slave soldiers (mamluks). As mamluks were often given positions of responsibility by their owners, there was a tendency for them to usurp power and establish dynasties, and that’s what happened in Delhi. The reference used for the coins is “The Coins of the Indian Sultanates,” by Goenka and Goron.

The earliest ancient Indian coins were the “bent bar” punchmarked silvers of the Achaemenid Persians occupying Gandhara in northwest Pakistan. By the 3rd century BC coins were in general use in most of India and Ceylon, and in subsequent centuries struck round coins in gold, silver, and copper came into use throughout the subcontinent and beyond to Southeast Asia and Pacific islands to Java and beyond.