FRANCE Charles V 1364-80 gold franc a pied


FRANCE, Charles V, 1364-80, franc a pied, no date (1365 AD), Paris mint (no mintmark), Obverse: king standing with cross and sword, CAROLVS DE GR FRANCORV REX, Reverse: cross tipped with trefoils, lis and crowns in angles, in angled quadrilobe, + XPC VINCIT XPC REGNAT XPC IMPERT, punctuation with 5-pointed stars, gold, 32.5mm, 3.78g, Dup-360, VF-XF

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The King turned out to be a good administrator. Trade with the south picked up and gold flowed north. He struck a large number of gold coins in 1365. The coin was worth a livre (pound), and was officially called denier d’or aux fleurs de lis, but everyone called it franc a pied because the King is standing on his feet.

Charles V was one of the French Kings during the Hundred Years War with the English. He won back most of the last French territories. Called “The Wise” because of his successful policies.

France was ancient Gaul. The Romans were active, then the Merovingian kings maintained a vassal relationship with the Byzantine Empire until the advent of Charlemagne. France diverged from Germany thereafter, going through a period of feudal decentralization. A series of powerful kings gradually brought into being the modern country.

The political arrangements that resulted in the nations of modern Europe began to emerge out of anarchy starting in the 7th century AD or so. Europe, for our purposes stretches from Greenland to somewhere in Russia. Collectors of Europe would likely include Russia. Collectors of Asia, even though about 2/3 of Russia is in Asia, probably not.

By “Modern World Coins” we mean here, generally, the round, flat, shiny metal objects that people have used for money and still do. “Modern,” though, varies by location. There was some other way they were doing their economies, and then they switched over to “modern coins,” then they went toward paper money, now we’re all going toward digital, a future in which kids look at a coin and say “What’s that?” We’ll say: “We used to use those to buy things.” Kids will ask “How?” The main catalog reference is the Standard Catalog of World Coins, to which the KM numbers refer.