FRANCE Charles VI 1380-1422 blanc guenar Tournai mint


FRANCE, Charles VI, 1380-1422, blanc guenar, no date, Tournai mint, Obverse: shield with 3 lis, +KAROLVS : FRANCORV : REX, Reverse: cross pattee, 2 lis and 2 crowns in angles, +SIT : NOME : DNI : BENEDICTV, silver, 27mm, 2.91g, Dup. 377c, R2981,VF

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Charles VI came to the throne as a child and seems to have suffered from episodes of violent mania troughout his life. He lost the long war against England and had to give up the French succession to the English Henry V. Henry died first, if only by a few months, but that allowed the French to push forward as an independent country.

France was ancient Gaul. The Romans were active, then the Merovingian kings maintained a vassal relationship with the Byzantine Empire until the advent of Charlemagne. France diverged from Germany thereafter, going through a period of feudal decentralization. A series of powerful kings gradually brought into being the modern country.

The political arrangements that resulted in the nations of modern Europe began to emerge out of anarchy starting in the 7th century AD or so. Europe, for our purposes stretches from Greenland to somewhere in Russia. Collectors of Europe would likely include Russia. Collectors of Asia, even though about 2/3 of Russia is in Asia, probably not.

By “Modern World Coins” we mean here, generally, the round, flat, shiny metal objects that people have used for money and still do. “Modern,” though, varies by location. There was some other way they were doing their economies, and then they switched over to “modern coins,” then they went toward paper money, now we’re all going toward digital, a future in which kids look at a coin and say “What’s that?” We’ll say: “We used to use those to buy things.” Kids will ask “How?” The main catalog reference is the Standard Catalog of World Coins, to which the KM numbers refer.