FRANCE CHATEAU RENAUD Francois de Bourbon 1593-1614 double tournois


FRANCE, CHATEAU RENAUD, Francois de Bourbon, 1593-1614, double tournois, no date, Obverse: small bust (hair away from legend) R, F DE BOVRBON P DE CONTI, Reverse: 3 lis, + DOVBLE TOVRNOIS, copper, 19.5mm, 2.58g, KM5, its been worked on but a really good job, I’ll say lightly tooled VF

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Francois de Bourbon was part of a junior line who’s senior line produced the later French kings.

Chateau Renaud (Renault) is a commune in the Indre-et-Loire Department of Central France. It was originally built as a fortress to defend Blois from Anjou. It went to Anjou anyway. It came to the Bourbons in the 16th century.

France was ancient Gaul. The Romans were active, then the Merovingian kings maintained a vassal relationship with the Byzantine Empire until the advent of Charlemagne. France diverged from Germany thereafter, going through a period of feudal decentralization. A series of powerful kings gradually brought into being the modern country.

The political arrangements that resulted in the nations of modern Europe began to emerge out of anarchy starting in the 7th century AD or so. Europe, for our purposes stretches from Greenland to somewhere in Russia. Collectors of Europe would likely include Russia. Collectors of Asia, even though about 2/3 of Russia is in Asia, probably not.

By “Modern World Coins” we mean here, generally, the round, flat, shiny metal objects that people have used for money and still do. “Modern,” though, varies by location. There was some other way they were doing their economies, and then they switched over to “modern coins,” then they went toward paper money, now we’re all going toward digital, a future in which kids look at a coin and say “What’s that?” We’ll say: “We used to use those to buy things.” Kids will ask “How?” The main catalog reference is the Standard Catalog of World Coins, to which the KM numbers refer.