FRANCE POITOU Richard Lion Heart King 1189-99 denier

$125.00

FRANCE, POITOU, Richard Lion Heart, King, 1189-99, denier, Poitou mint, Obverse: short cross, +RICARDVS REX, Reverse: PIC TAVIE NSIS, silver, 20mm, 0.8g, Dup920, VF

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Description

Richard I was a son of English King Henry II and Eleanore of Acquitaine. He went with his mother to her various possessions in France, In 1172 he was made Duke of Aquitaine and Count of Poitou. There was war of Henry II and his sons, he happened to come out on top and was recognized as heir to England two days before his father, the King, died. Then Richard spent a lot of time participating in the Crusades, After a shipwreck in northern Italy, Richard was captured by Austrians, held for a few years, then ransomed. He continued high level Continental politics, with plenty of war, until he died.

Poitou was a province on the central Atlantic coast of France. Capital city was Poitiers. It was part of the Anglo-Gallic territories regained by France in the 13th century. Protestantism was popular there, and there was religious war. Some of the refugees came to North America as Acadians, some of whom ended up in Louisiana.

France was ancient Gaul. The Romans were active, then the Merovingian kings maintained a vassal relationship with the Byzantine Empire until the advent of Charlemagne. France diverged from Germany thereafter, going through a period of feudal decentralization. A series of powerful kings gradually brought into being the modern country.

The political arrangements that resulted in the nations of modern Europe began to emerge out of anarchy starting in the 7th century AD or so. Europe, for our purposes stretches from Greenland to somewhere in Russia. Collectors of Europe would likely include Russia. Collectors of Asia, even though about 2/3 of Russia is in Asia, probably not.

By “Modern World Coins” we mean here, generally, the round, flat, shiny metal objects that people have used for money and still do. “Modern,” though, varies by location. There was some other way they were doing their economies, and then they switched over to “modern coins,” then they went toward paper money, now we’re all going toward digital, a future in which kids look at a coin and say “What’s that?” We’ll say: “We used to use those to buy things.” Kids will ask “How?” The main catalog reference is the Standard Catalog of World Coins, to which the KM numbers refer.