GERMANY BAVARIA Ernst and Wilhelm III 1397-1435 pfennig Munich


GERMANY, BAVARIA, Ernst, 1397-1438 and Wilhelm III, 1397-1435, pfennig, no date, Munich mint, Obverse: monk head L in square, Reverse: EW in circle, silver, 15mm, 0.51g, Witt-165, can’t really see the monk’s face, F

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At the time this coin was made Bavaria was divided into four duchies. Munich was separated from the Landshut holdings in 1397.

Bavarians, in southern Germany, started using coins back in the BC times, when the land was full of Celts, before the arrival of the Romans. It was a coherent kingdom from the Middle Ages until World War I.

The political arrangements that resulted in the nations of modern Europe began to emerge out of local autonomy starting in the 7th century AD or so. Europe, for our purposes, stretches from Greenland to somewhere in Russia. Collectors of Europe would likely include Russia. Collectors of Asia, even though about 2/3 of Russia is in Asia, probably not.

By “Modern World Coins” we mean here, generally, the round, flat, shiny metal objects that people have used for money and still do. “Modern,” though, varies by location. There was some other way they were doing their economies, and then they switched over to “modern coins,” then they went toward paper money, now we’re all going toward digital, a future in which kids look at a coin and say “What’s that?” We’ll say: “We used to use those to buy things.” Kids will ask “How?” The main catalog reference is the Standard Catalog of World Coins, to which the KM numbers refer.