GERMANY PASSAU Ernst of Bavaria 1517-40 heller


GERMANY, PASSAU, bishopric, Ernst of Bavaria, 1517-40, heller, no date, Obverse: lion rampant L in diamond, E above,Reverse: incuse impression of obverse, billon, 13-14mm, S1018, part weak, XF-AU

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Passau is a city in lower Baveria, located at the confluence of three rivers: the Inn, the Ilz, and the Danube. It was strategic since before Roman times.

The political arrangements that resulted in the nations of modern Europe began to emerge out of local autonomy starting in the 7th century AD or so. Europe, for our purposes, stretches from Greenland to somewhere in Russia. Collectors of Europe would likely include Russia. Collectors of Asia, even though about 2/3 of Russia is in Asia, probably not.

By “Modern World Coins” we mean here, generally, the round, flat, shiny metal objects that people have used for money and still do. “Modern,” though, varies by location. There was some other way they were doing their economies, and then they switched over to “modern coins,” then they went toward paper money, now we’re all going toward digital, a future in which kids look at a coin and say “What’s that?” We’ll say: “We used to use those to buy things.” Kids will ask “How?” The main catalog reference is the Standard Catalog of World Coins, to which the KM numbers refer.