GHAZNAVID, Khusrau Malik, 1160-1186 AD, jital


GHAZNAVID, Khusrau Malik, 1160-1186 AD, jital, no date, (1160-70 AD), Kurraman mint, Obverse: bull R, Reverse: MALIK AL SULTAN AL ‘AZAM AL MUSTANJID KHUSRAU, billon, 15mm, 3.07g, citing the Caliph, T117.2, A1660, XF

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The references for this is: Jitals, by Robert Tye.

The Ghaznavid dynasty started out with a Turkish slave soldier of the Samanids, who was made governor of southeast Afghanistan. He broke away from his master and extended his territory into Pakistan. Ghaznavid governing methods were predatory and crude, and when they were defeated at the end the people were happy.

The term “Islamic coins” refers to coins made by Muslim governments from the time of the first caliphs to an end point in time that varies with the particular country being considered, but is generally some time from the 17th to 19th century. There is a geographic exclusion: India and points east are generally considered separately. The main reference used here is “Checklist of Islamic Coins,” by Stephen Album.