GHAZNAVID Mahmud as Samanid governor 997-99 AD silver multiple dirham 388 AH Anderabah mint


GHAZNAVID, Mahmud, Samanid governor, 997-99 AD, multiple dirham, 388 AH (997 AD), Anderabah mint, Obverse: sword below 4 line central legend, Reverse: 5 line central legend, silver, 46mm, 11.44g, A1603, spots, AU

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Multiple dirhams with legible dates are rare.

The multiple dirhams were in the way of ingots put out by the silver mines. If they got out of the local zone they would have gotten melted.

The Ghaznavid dynasty started out with a Turkish slave soldier of the Samanids, who was made governor of southeast Afghanistan. He broke away from his master and extended his territory into Pakistan. Ghaznavid governing methods were predatory and crude, and when they were defeated at the end the people were happy.

The term “Islamic coins” refers to coins made by Muslim governments from the time of the first caliphs to an end point in time that varies with the particular country being considered, but is generally some time from the 17th to 19th century. There is a geographic exclusion: India and points east are generally considered separately. The main reference used here is “Checklist of Islamic Coins,” by Stephen Album.