INDIA AWADH Ghazi Al-Din Haidar 1819-27 paisa 1237 AH year 3


INDIA, AWADH, Ghazi Al-Din Haidar, King, 1819-27, paisa, 1237 AH year 3 (1822 AD), Obverse: Shah ‘Alam legend, date, Reverse: crown over katar flanked by lions holding banners, SANAH 3, copper, 22mm, 11.95g, KM155.2, crude F

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Ghazi Al-Din (Ud-Din, uddin) Haidar, was a puppet set up by the British, who thought he might be useful in the game they were playing against the Mughal Emperor in Delhi. He had no power. Even the coins were issued only because the British asked or told him to make them, just to annoy the Emperor.

Awadh (Oudh) is now in the state of Uttar Pradesh in central north India, of which its major city, Lucknow (Lakhnau) is the capital. It was a major province under the Mughals, becoming a hereditary tributary ruled by Nawabs in 1722. In 1801 the Nawab signed a bad treaty with the British that allowed them to tap the Awadh treasury at will to cover expenses. After they got most of it they just moved in physically and imposed a “protectorate.”

By “Modern World Coins” we mean here, generally, the round, flat, shiny metal objects that people have used for money and still do. “Modern,” though, varies by location. There was some other way they were doing their economies, and then they switched over to “modern coins,” then they went toward paper money, now we’re all going toward digital, a future in which kids look at a coin and say “What’s that?” We’ll say: “We used to use those to buy things.” Kids will ask “How?” The main catalog reference is the Standard Catalog of World Coins, to which the KM numbers refer.