ITALY VENICE Alvise Mocenigo I 1570-1577 sesino


ITALY, VENICE, Alvise Mocenigo I, 1570-1577, sesino, no date (1570 AD), Obverse: cross, 3 dots in angles, ALOYS MOCENIGO DVX VE, Reverse: lion of St. Mark, SANCTVS MARCVS VENETI, copper, 17.5mm, VG

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In early ancient times the region was inhabited by the eponymous Veneti. The city is said to have been founded by Roman refugees fleeing from Germanic invaders in the 5th century AD. It grew rich and powerful on maritime trade and was a major player in the Mediterranean until it’s annexation by Austria in the early 19th century. It was incorporated in the Kingdom of Italy in 1866. The government was an oligarchic republic, in which qualified voters (rich people) elected on of their own to be the leader.

After the devolution of the Western Roman Empire into a German kingdom the Italian peninsula went through about 1800 years of disunity and foreign conquest before the War of Unification in the 1860s.

The political arrangements that resulted in the nations of modern Europe began to emerge out of local autonomy starting in the 7th century AD or so. Europe, for our purposes, stretches from Greenland to somewhere in Russia. Collectors of Europe would likely include Russia. Collectors of Asia, even though about 2/3 of Russia is in Asia, probably not.

By “Modern World Coins” we mean here, generally, the round, flat, shiny metal objects that people have used for money and still do. “Modern,” though, varies by location. There was some other way they were doing their economies, and then they switched over to “modern coins,” then they went toward paper money, now we’re all going toward digital, a future in which kids look at a coin and say “What’s that?” We’ll say: “We used to use those to buy things.” Kids will ask “How?” The main catalog reference is the Standard Catalog of World Coins, to which the KM numbers refer.