JALAYRID Shaykh Uways I 2 dinars 766 AH (1365 AD) Baghdad mint


JALAYRID, Shaykh Uways I, 1356-1374 AD, 2 dinars, 766 AH (1365 AD), Baghdad mint, silver, 18mm, 2.1g, A2302weak spots, F

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Shaykh Oways (Uways, Awais, etc.) was a son of Hasan Bururg, founder of the dynasty. He passed all of his reign fighting. He tried to revive the economy too, as can be seen in the large numbers of coins he made.

When the Mongol Ilkhan state in Persia fragmented one of the successor states was established by a guy named Hasan Buzurg (Big Hasan). Hasan was a general and politician who came to back three successive Ilkhan puppets before finally abandoning the Ilkhans and leaving that throne vacant. His successors ruled as Sultans. Most of what they did was fight with their neighbors. That went on for about a century, then they were ground up by Tamerlane.

The Mongols knew how to conquer but they did not figure out how to keep their dynasts in line so their empire fell apart. Local Mongol families maintained control in various localities for varying lengths of time.

The term “Islamic coins” refers to coins made by Muslim governments from the time of the first caliphs to an end point in time that varies with the particular country being considered, but is generally some time from the 17th to 19th century. There is a geographic exclusion: India and points east are generally considered separately. The main reference used here is “Checklist of Islamic Coins,” by Stephen Album.