JAUNPUR, Ibrahim, 1402-40 AD, tanka,


JAUNPUR, Ibrahim, 1402-40 AD, tanka,828 AH (1425 AD), Obverse: IBRAHIM SHAH SULTANI KhULIDAT MAMLAKATAHU, Reverse: AL KhALIFA AMIR AL-MU’MININ KhULIDAT KhILAFATAHU, 828, billon, 18.5mm, 9.48g, GG-J6, VF

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Jaunpur is not far from Varanasi (Benares). The sultanate was founded by a Delhi official who engineered a palace coup, and then went on to establish a stronghold and break away. Delhi tried to take the Jaunpur territories back for a century, finally absorbing them completely in 1493.

The earliest ancient Indian coins were the “bent bar” punchmarked silvers of the Achaemenid Persians occupying Gandhara in northwest Pakistan. By the 3rd century BC coins were in general use in most of India and Ceylon, and in subsequent centuries struck round coins in gold, silver, and copper came into use throughout the subcontinent and beyond to Southeast Asia and Pacific islands to Java and beyond.