KUSHAN Vima Kadphises circa 105-130 AD unit


KUSHAN, Vima Kadphises, circa 105-130 AD, unit, Taxila mint, Obverse: king standing L sacrificing, ΒΑΣΙΛΕΥΣ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΝ ΣΩΤΗΡ ΜΕΓΑΣ ΟΟΝΜΟ ΚΑΔΦΙΣΗΣ, legend broken by king’s head, small Φ, Reverse: Siva & bull, MAHARAJASA RAJADIRAJASA SARVALOGA ISVARASA MAHISVARASA VIMMA KAThPhIShASA TRATARA, legend starts at top, bronze, 27mm, 16.8g, MA3028, cleaned, nice F-F+

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The Kushans adopted the Scythian practice of keeping track of their coinage by making design element changes and applying control marks. The large Kushan bronze coins are described by some people as “octodrachms.” We don’t know what they called them.

Wima Kadphises enlarged the Kushan domains to west and east. He reformed the coinage, issuing the first Kushan gold.

The Kushans started as nomads but became cosmopolitan when they conquered Gandhara in western Pakistan. They controlled their section of the Silk Road trade, and patronized Buddhism.

The earliest ancient Indian coins were the “bent bar” punchmarked silvers of the Achaemenid Persians occupying Gandhara in northwest Pakistan. By the 3rd century BC coins were in general use in most of India and Ceylon, and in subsequent centuries struck round coins in gold, silver, and copper came into use throughout the subcontinent and beyond to Southeast Asia and Pacific islands to Java and beyond.