LATVIA, LIVONIAN ORDER, artig, (15)35, Riga mint


LATVIA, LIVONIAN ORDER, Walther v. Plettenberg, 1494-1535, artig, (15)35, Riga mint, Obverse: family arms on long cross, Reverse: crossed keys, date, billon, 12.5mm, 0.4g, D32, crude XF

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The Livonian Brothers of the Sword was established in 1202 by the Bishop of Riga, to spread Christianity in the north Baltic regions. Wikipedia describes them as undisciplined. They lost a battle and had to merge with the Teutonic Order and became the “autonomous” Livonian Order. The Livonian Order continued after the decline of the Teutonic Order, but was unable to proceed in the face of larger opponents, Russia, for example.

Livonia was the old name for modern Latvia, with a bit of Estonia thrown in. It was conquered for Christ, as they said, by the crusading Livonian Order, who came from Germany with Cross and Sword.

The political arrangements that resulted in the nations of modern Europe began to emerge out of anarchy starting in the 7th century AD or so. Europe, for our purposes stretches from Greenland to somewhere in Russia. Collectors of Europe would likely include Russia. Collectors of Asia, even though about 2/3 of Russia is in Asia, probably not.

By “Modern World Coins” we mean here, generally, the round, flat, shiny metal objects that people have used for money and still do. “Modern,” though, varies by location. There was some other way they were doing their economies, and then they switched over to “modern coins,” then they went toward paper money, now we’re all going toward digital, a future in which kids look at a coin and say “What’s that?” We’ll say: “We used to use those to buy things.” Kids will ask “How?” The main catalog reference is the Standard Catalog of World Coins, to which the KM numbers refer.