LIEGE 1 liard 1751


BELGIUM, LIEGE, Johann Theodor v. Bayern, 1744-63, 1 liard, 1751, Reverse: date around shields, copper, KM155, aF

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Johann Theodore was son of Duke-Elector Maximilian II Emanuel of Bavaria. He collected Prince-Bishoprics in Liege, Regensburg, and Freising. He liked to hunt, play and listen to music, and hang around with women.

Liege is now a Belgian province. It became city with a prince-bishop, against whom the city itself rebelled in 1345, obtaining a charter of rights that it preserved until in threw out the prince and became a republic in 1789. Austria invaded to stop the self-government in 1791. Revolutionary France invaded in 1794, restoring the Republic, then incorporating it into Napoleon’s Empire. The Congress of Vienna created the United Kingdom of the Netherlands, which was detested by the people who revolted in 1830 and created Belgium.

Belgium and the Netherlands are the “Low Countries.” During the wars of the Reformation what is now Belgium stayed with the Catholic Holy Roman Empire, while the Protestant Netherlands broke away. After the Napoleonic wars Belgium was held by Netherlands for a few decades but the relationship was bad and Belgium broke away.

The political arrangements that resulted in the nations of modern Europe began to emerge out of anarchy starting in the 7th century AD or so. Europe, for our purposes stretches from Greenland to somewhere in Russia. Collectors of Europe would likely include Russia. Collectors of Asia, even though about 2/3 of Russia is in Asia, probably not.

By “Modern World Coins” we mean here, generally, the round, flat, shiny metal objects that people have used for money and still do. “Modern,” though, varies by location. There was some other way they were doing their economies, and then they switched over to “modern coins,” then they went toward paper money, now we’re all going toward digital, a future in which kids look at a coin and say “What’s that?” We’ll say: “We used to use those to buy things.” Kids will ask “How?” The main catalog reference is the Standard Catalog of World Coins, to which the KM numbers refer.