MADEIRA, 10 reis, 1852


MADEIRA, 10 reis, 1852, Obverse: crowned arms, MARIA II D G PORTUG ET ALG REGINA, Reverse: PECUNIA MADEIRENSIS, copper, 34mm, KM2, XF

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Madeira is an autonomous region of Portugal consisting of the island of Madeira and a few others. It is in the Atlantic ocean west and a bit north of Morocco. The ancient Greeks probably knew about the islands. There are references to inhabitants starting around 1000 AD. The Portuguese started colonizing in the 15th century, finding apparently no inhabitants. The islands have developed as an integral part of Portugal since that time.

It has been habitual, on the collecting side of numismatics, for “Africa” to exclude the Mediterranean coastal states, which are typically lumped in with the other Arab states in the category “Middle East.” Generally speaking, there was a colonial period and an independent period.

By “Modern World Coins” we mean here, generally, the round, flat, shiny metal objects that people have used for money and still do. “Modern,” though, varies by location. There was some other way they were doing their economies, and then they switched over to “modern coins,” then they went toward paper money, now we’re all going toward digital, a future in which kids look at a coin and say “What’s that?” We’ll say: “We used to use those to buy things.” Kids will ask “How?” The main catalog reference is the Standard Catalog of World Coins, to which the KM numbers refer.