NABATEA Aretas IV and Shaqilath circa 9 BC-40 AD bronze


NABATEA, Aretas IV and Shaqilath, circa 9 BC-40 AD, minor, no date, Obverse: laureate bust R, Reverse: crossed cornucopiai, pomegranites and HE between, bronze, 13mm, 1.34g, SGI5701, Meshorer-58, VG

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A notable feature of some Nabataean coins is the regular appearance of the portrait of the queen as well as of the king.

Aretas IV fought with Herod Antipas of Judaea several times, to no lasting result. Both sides were allied with Rome, which would sometimes back one side, sometimes the other.

Nabatea was a locally powerful Arab kingdom in what is now Jordan. Petra was their capital. In their prime the Romans had to deal with them. The deal brought them more and more into the Roman system. They were annexed in the reign of Trajan.

Ancient Coins includes Greek and Roman coins and those of neighbors and successors, geographically from Morocco and Spain all the way to Afghanistan. Date ranges for these begin with the world’s earliest coins of the 8th century BC to, in an extreme case, the end of Byzantine Empire, 1453 AD.