PAKISTAN, NORTHWEST FRONTIER, HEPHTHALITE-SHAHI, seal, circa 400-700 AD, bird R, flower behind, rectangular, no loop, bronze, 14x17x2mm, 3.4g, VF

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flat, rectangular seals, some with soldered loops on the back, were a Hephthalite product for the most part.

The Hephthalites were the eastern component of the people who, in Europe, were called “Huns.” They are sometimes referred to as “White Huns.” Some of the Hephthalite coins of Afghanistan-Pakistan region have the word “HONO” on them. On the other hand, there is a faction amongst the historians who claim that we really have no idea who any of those people were, let alone if they were related to each other. There seems to be a general feeling that the Huns, or the Hephthalites, or the people the Chinese called Xiong Nu, and other scholars called “Chionites,” were more Iranic than Turkic. Their art often displays mean-looking male human faces with moustaches, and tends toward slapdashery in execution. Apparently what they did best was what they were known for: war and pillage.

Over the decades I’ve been selling collectibles my market has been about 97% coins, 2% paper money, 1% everything else.