PALTOS Septimius Severus 193-211 AD bronze


SYRIA, PALTOS, Septimius Severus, 193-211 AD, minor, Obverse: laureate head R, illegible legend around, CAΓ in incuse rectangle countermark, Reverse: bust of Julia Domna as Tyche, kalathos on head, on base, ΕΓ ΡΗΛ ΠΑΛΤΗΝΩΝ, bronze, 25-27mm, 12.64g, countermark: CAG in incuse rectangle obv., BMC1, corroded, VG

1 in stock

SKU: 18919063


Septimius Severus was born in what is now Libya. He was one of three generals who refused to accept the purchased Imperium of Didius Julianus. Civil war ensued as he fought rival generals for the throne. Having settled that matter, he immediately went back to the war with Parthia that had been on and off since the days of the Republic. Nothing but war. His sons, Caracalla and Geta, did not get along, to the detriment of the imperial enterprise.

Paltos was a city on the Syrian coast. There was a settlement during the Iron Age. In Roman times it was administered from Antioch.

In the Imperial Period Roman coinage became an engine for governmental propaganda. All of the themes of the coins are celebratory of some aspect of govermental authority or achievement.

The Romans, as they were building their empire, preferred to let the local coinage arrangements remain in place. As they developed their political system into the Cult of Personality that was the Empire, they started putting imperial portraits on the local coins. Later, as the Empire began to shrink, they preferred to centralize their coinage operations, eliminating local control. There were also allied and client states, some of which, at times, issued coins celebrating the alliance or subservience. The main catalog reference for these coins on this web site is Greek Imperial Coins and their Values, by David Sear.

Ancient Coins includes Greek and Roman coins and those of neighbors and successors, geographically from Morocco and Spain all the way to Afghanistan. Date ranges for these begin with the world’s earliest coins of the 8th century BC to, in an extreme case, the end of Byzantine Empire, 1453 AD.