PAMPHYLIA, PERGA, Gallienus, 253-268 AD, bronze


PAMPHYLIA, PERGA, Gallienus, 253-268 AD, minor, Obverse: laureate bust R, AUT KAI PO LI GALLIEHNOS, Reverse: statue of Artemis in distyle temple, PERGAIWN ARTEMIOS, A in pediment, ASULOU on architrave, bronze, 29mm, 13.48g, SNG France-570, light pitting, VF

1 in stock


Pamphylia was a region of central southern Anatolia in Asian Turkey. The city of Perga existed during the Hittite Empire of the late second millennium BC, and became an important center of early Christian activity. Gallienus was son of the unfortunate Valerian I, served as co-Emperor with his father, was constantly fighting external and internal enemies, and was assassinated by a faction of his staff, some of whom later became Emperors themselves. Capable but bad luck is what they say about him.

The Romans, as they were building their empire, preferred to let the local coinage arrangements remain in place. As they developed their political system into the Cult of Personality that was the Empire, they started putting imperial portraits on the local coins. Later, as the Empire began to shrink, they preferred to centralize their coinage operations, eliminating local control. There were also allied and client states, some of which, at times, issued coins celebrating the alliance or subservience.

This category includes Greek and Roman coins and those of neighbors and successors, geographically from Morocco and Spain all the way to Afghanistan. Date ranges for these begin with the world’s earliest coins of the 8th century BC to, in an extreme case, the end of Byzantine Empire, 1453 AD.