PORTUGAL 1000 reis 1910 Peninsular War Commemorative


PORTUGAL, Manoel II, 1908-10, 1000 reis, 1910, Reverse: crowned arms over lion and weapons, CENTENARIO DA GUERRA PENNINSULAR 1808 1814, silver, 0.737 ozT, Peninsular War commemorative, KM558, Unc

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The Peninsular War was part of the Napoleonic convulsion. The Portuguese were allied with the British.

Manoel (Manuel) was the last King of Portugal. He became King after his father and older brother were assassinated. He was 19 years old. But he couldn’t keep the government together and abdicated after two years.

There were coins issued by Portuguese towns in ancient times. In the middle ages Portuguese coins resembled contemporary Spanish coins, with small billon (base silver) minors. During the colonial period an influx of gold and silver raised standards of living, but over time, Spain turned out to have a better economic position.

The political arrangements that resulted in the nations of modern Europe began to emerge out of anarchy starting in the 7th century AD or so. Europe, for our purposes stretches from Greenland to somewhere in Russia. Collectors of Europe would likely include Russia. Collectors of Asia, even though about 2/3 of Russia is in Asia, probably not.

By “Modern World Coins” we mean here, generally, the round, flat, shiny metal objects that people have used for money and still do. “Modern,” though, varies by location. There was some other way they were doing their economies, and then they switched over to “modern coins,” then they went toward paper money, now we’re all going toward digital, a future in which kids look at a coin and say “What’s that?” We’ll say: “We used to use those to buy things.” Kids will ask “How?” The main catalog reference is the Standard Catalog of World Coins, to which the KM numbers refer.