RASULID, Al-Afdal Al-‘Abbas, 1363-1376 AD, dirham,


RASULID, Al-Afdal Al-‘Abbas, 1363-1376 AD, dirham, 771 AH? (1369/70 AD), Al Mahjam mint, Obverse: expanded kalima in circle, Reverse: AL SULTAN AL MALIK AL AFDAL… in partial circle, lion R below, mint & date around, silver, 23mm, 1.82g, A1109.2, VF

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Al Afdal was noted for keeping the port officials in line and preventing them from practicing some of their corrupt, extortionate practices.

This guy Rasul was a Turk working for the Abbasid Caliphate. Around 1180 he went to Yemen and stayed. The Ayyubids were ruling Yemen at the time. Son and grandson worked for the Ayyubids. The last Ayyubid left in 1229, leaving ‘Umar Ibn ‘Ali ibn Rasul in charge. In 1235 he was recognized by the Caliph as independent. Unusually in human history, several successive Rasulid Sultans ruled generously and well. Things got rocky, with unrest in the highlands and pressure from the Mamluks. It was the local disaffection that finally drove the last Rasulid from power in 1454.

The term “Islamic coins” refers to coins made by Muslim governments from the time of the first caliphs to an end point in time that varies with the particular country being considered, but is generally some time from the 17th to 19th century. There is a geographic exclusion: India and points east are generally considered separately. The main reference used here is “Checklist of Islamic Coins,” by Stephen Album.