ROMAN EMPIRE, Aelia Eudoxia, 395-404 AD, bronze, centenionalis, Antioch mint


ROMAN EMPIRE, Aelia Eudoxia, 395-404 AD, centenionalis, no date (402-404 AD), Antioch mint, officina 3, Obverse: bust R, AEL EVDOXIA AVG, Reverse: Victory seated R on cippus,inscribing Christogram on shield on cippus, SALVS REIPVBLICAE, ANTG, bronze, 15mm, 2.76g, SR20895, parts of legends off flan, F

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Aelia Eudoxia was the daughter of the Frankish general Bauto. Her husband, the Emperor Arcadius, was a waffler, she ran large parts of the government while he sat around and dithered.

The Roman Republic was founded in response to tyrannical kings. It functioned for several centuries in a kind of balance of rich and poor people (slaves didn’t count). The general idea was that laws would constrain personal power. During the days of Julius Caesar, et al, powerful people became too powerful, and a new system of slightly constrained autocracy, the Empire, developed. The main catalog we use on this web site for Roman coins is Roman Coins and their Values, by David Sear.

“Ancient Coins” includes Greek and Roman coins and those of neighbors and successors, geographically from Morocco and Spain all the way to Afghanistan. Date ranges for these begin with the world’s earliest coins of the 8th century BC to, in an extreme case, the end of Byzantine Empire, 1453 AD.