ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I, 307-337 AD, centenionalis, Aquileia mint

$35.00

ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I, 307-337 AD, centenionalis, no date (320 AD), Aquileia mint, officina 1, Obverse: helmeted bust R, CONSTANTINVS AVG, Reverse: 2 captives beneath trophy on which VOT XX, VIRTVS EXERCIT, S F, billon, 18mm, 2.9g, RIC-VIII-48, VF

1 in stock

SKU: 3063023 Categories: ,

Description

Son of Constantius I, Constantine was Caesar in the west when his father died. He was passed over for western Augustus in favor of Licinius I. After several years war broke out between them, Constantine winning in the end. He proceeded to dismantle the Tetrarchy system and inaugurated a new governmental organization that still had eastern and western Emperors but with a single family running a dynastic operation within the ruling structure. Supposedly converted to Christianity at his death. Rome became officially Christian shortly after. Called Constantine the Great.

In the Imperial Period Roman coinage became an engine for governmental propaganda. All of the themes of the coins are celebratory of some aspect of govermental authority or achievement.

The Roman Republic was founded in response to tyrannical kings. It functioned for several centuries in a kind of balance of rich and poor people (slaves didn’t count). The general idea was that laws would constrain personal power. During the days of Julius Caesar, et al, powerful people became too powerful, and a new system of slightly constrained autocracy, the Empire, developed. The main catalog we use on this web site for Roman coins is Roman Coins and their Values, by David Sear.