ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine III, 407-411 AD, silver, siliqua, Lugdunum mint


ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine III, 407-411 AD, siliqua, no date (407-408 AD), Lugdunum mint, Obverse: diademed bust R, D N CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Reverse: Roma seated L, holding Victory on globe & spear, VICTORIA AVGGG, SMLD, silver, 15-16mm, 1.42g, SR21068, XF

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Constantine III was a soldier in Britain when most of the troops were evacuated to Gaul. The soldiers remaining in Britain tried two other guys as local Emperor before picking Constantine. He took the rest of the Roman troops over to Gaul, abandoning Britain. Occupying most of Gaul and Spain, Constantine asked for recognition from Honorius for his fait accompli. Honorius, needing something to confront the Visigoths, extended that recognition. He got too big for his britches, and was murdered by Honorius when the latter considered it safe to do so.

The Roman Republic was founded in response to tyrannical kings. It functioned for several centuries in a kind of balance of rich and poor people (slaves didn’t count). The general idea was that laws would constrain personal power. During the days of Julius Caesar, et al, powerful people became too powerful, and a new system of slightly constrained autocracy, the Empire, developed. The main catalog we use on this web site for Roman coins is Roman Coins and their Values, by David Sear.

“Ancient Coins” includes Greek and Roman coins and those of neighbors and successors, geographically from Morocco and Spain all the way to Afghanistan. Date ranges for these begin with the world’s earliest coins of the 8th century BC to, in an extreme case, the end of Byzantine Empire, 1453 AD.