ROMAN EMPIRE Galerius Caesar 293-305 AD follis Rome mint


ROMAN EMPIRE, Galerius, Caesar, 293-305 AD, follis, no date (297-99 AD), Rome mint, officina 8, Obverse: laureate bust R, MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, Reverse: Genius standing L, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, R S, H, billon, 27mm, 8.49g, SR14362, porous, F

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Galerius was chosen by Diocletian to be his Caesar in the east, and he was married into the Emperor’s family. When Constantius I died Galerius became senior Augustus and immediately used the government to his personal advantage. Resentments festered and eventually destroyed the government. Last major persecutor of Christians.

In the Imperial Period Roman coinage became an engine for governmental propaganda. All of the themes of the coins are celebratory of some aspect of govermental authority or achievement.

The Roman Republic was founded in response to tyrannical kings. It functioned for several centuries in a kind of balance of rich and poor people (slaves didn’t count). The general idea was that laws would constrain personal power. During the days of Julius Caesar, et al, powerful people became too powerful, and a new system of slightly constrained autocracy, the Empire, developed. The main catalog we use on this web site for Roman coins is Roman Coins and their Values, by David Sear.