ROMAN EMPIRE Johannes 423-425 AD nummus


ROMAN EMPIRE, Johannes, 423-425 AD, nummus, mint missing (Rome), Obverse: diademed bearded head R, D N JOHANNES P F AVG, Reverse: Victory dragging captive L, SALVS REI PVBLICAE, bronze, 13mm, 1.26g, SR21121, nice portrait, most of obverse legend is off but that crucial ES is there, bottom third of obverse & top third of reverse are flat, VF/G

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When Honorius died the Western throne was usurped by a civil servant, Johannes, who tried to obtain recognition from the Eastern Emperor, Theodosius II. That worked for Constantine III but it didn’t work for Johannes. He tried to get the aid of the Huns but was turned down. He was arrested and executed.

In the Imperial Period Roman coinage became an engine for governmental propaganda. All of the themes of the coins are celebratory of some aspect of govermental authority or achievement.

The Roman Republic was founded in response to tyrannical kings. It functioned for several centuries in a kind of balance of rich and poor people (slaves didn’t count). The general idea was that laws would constrain personal power. During the days of Julius Caesar, et al, powerful people became too powerful, and a new system of slightly constrained autocracy, the Empire, developed. The main catalog we use on this web site for Roman coins is Roman Coins and their Values, by David Sear.

Ancient Coins includes Greek and Roman coins and those of neighbors and successors, geographically from Morocco and Spain all the way to Afghanistan. Date ranges for these begin with the world’s earliest coins of the 8th century BC to, in an extreme case, the end of Byzantine Empire, 1453 AD.