ROMAN EMPIRE Jovian 363-364 AD centenionalis of Heraclea


ROMAN EMPIRE, Jovian, 363-364 AD, centenionalis, no date (363-64 AD), Heraclea mint, officina 2, Obverse: diademed bust L, D N IOVIANVS P F AVG, Reverse: VOT V in wreath, HERACB, bronze, 18mm, 2.38g, SR19218, patchy black patina, F

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After Julian the Apostate died Jovian, a guy in the right place at the right time, was elevated to Augustus. His first act was cutting and running in the Persian War, losing most of Syria in the process. He was dragging his army back to Constantinople to establish his regime but died on the way. Everything that happened during his reign was the result of bureaucratic inertia.

In the Imperial Period Roman coinage became an engine for governmental propaganda. All of the themes of the coins are celebratory of some aspect of govermental authority or achievement.

The Roman Republic was founded in response to tyrannical kings. It functioned for several centuries in a kind of balance of rich and poor people (slaves didn’t count). The general idea was that laws would constrain personal power. During the days of Julius Caesar, et al, powerful people became too powerful, and a new system of slightly constrained autocracy, the Empire, developed. The main catalog we use on this web site for Roman coins is Roman Coins and their Values, by David Sear.

Ancient Coins includes Greek and Roman coins and those of neighbors and successors, geographically from Morocco and Spain all the way to Afghanistan. Date ranges for these begin with the world’s earliest coins of the 8th century BC to, in an extreme case, the end of Byzantine Empire, 1453 AD.