ROMAN EMPIRE, Maximinus II, Filus Augustorum, 309-310 AD, follis, Siscia mint


ROMAN EMPIRE, Maximinus II, Filus Augustorum, 309-310 AD, follis, no date (310-11 AD), Siscia mint, officina 2, Obverse: laureate head R, MAXIMINVS FIL AVGG, Reverse: Genius standing L holding patera & cornucopia, GENIO AVGVSTI, SIS, crescent in left field, B in right field, billon, 23-25mm, 6.95g, SR14803, XF+

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Senior Emperor Galerius neglected to promote Maximinus from Caesar to Augustus as long as he could. As a consolation prize of sorts, Galerius gave Maximinus and Constantine the meaningless title Filus Augustorum (Son of the Emperors) Maximinus essentially promoted himself, and the Tetrarchic system ceased to exist as the central participants bickered and prepared for war, then had their war. Maximinus lost his last battle, and died shortly after.

The Roman Empire was a system of theoretically constrained autocracy. The Emperor was supposed to be accepted by the Senate, which was supposed to be representing the people. It became difficult to restrain the autocrats. The succession problem was never solved. Many Emperors were murdered. In the 4th century AD the Empire was split for administrative purposes into eastern and western branches, the west devolving into local kingdoms in the 5th century AD, while the eastern branch continued as what we call the Byzantine Empire until 1453.

Ancient Coins includes Greek and Roman coins and those of neighbors and successors, geographically from Morocco and Spain all the way to Afghanistan. Date ranges for these begin with the world’s earliest coins of the 8th century BC to, in an extreme case, the end of Byzantine Empire, 1453 AD.