ROMAN EMPIRE, Salonina, 254-268 AD, antoninianius


ROMAN EMPIRE, Salonina, 254-268 AD, antoninianius, no date (257-59 AD), Rome & Cologne, Obverse: bust R on crescent, SALONINA AVG, Reverse: Venus standing 1/2 L holding apple & palm, leaning on shield, VENVS VICTRIX, billon, 19mm, 2.73g, SR10661, VF

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SKU: s2952a5792 Categories: ,


Salonina was wife of Gallienus and mother of Valerian II and Saloninus. There is apparently no gossip about her, it seems that she shared in her husband’s work, and both participated in the “this can’t be all there is, what’s really going on behind the scenes” discussions of the philosopher Plotinus. More coin types, from more mints, than for any other female Roman person.

The Roman Empire was a system of theoretically constrained autocracy. The Emperor was supposed to be accepted by the Senate, which was supposed to be representing the people. It became difficult to restrain the autocrats. The succession problem was never solved. Many Emperors were murdered. In the 4th century AD the Empire was split for administrative purposes into eastern and western branches, the west devolving into local kingdoms in the 5th century AD, while the eastern branch continued as what we call the Byzantine Empire until 1453.

“Ancient Coins” includes Greek and Roman coins and those of neighbors and successors, geographically from Morocco and Spain all the way to Afghanistan. Date ranges for these begin with the world’s earliest coins of the 8th century BC to, in an extreme case, the end of Byzantine Empire, 1453 AD.