ROMAN EMPIRE Saloninus 259 AD antoninianius


ROMAN EMPIRE, Saloninus, 259 AD, antoninianius, no date (258-60 AD), Rome mint, Obverse: radiate bust R, SALON VALERIANVS CAES, Reverse: priestly implements, PIETAS AVG, billon, 21mm, 3.2g, SR10767, crude VF

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Saloninus was the younger son of Emperor Gallienus and Empress Salonina. Raised to Caesar on the death in suspicious circumstances of his brother, Valerian II, Saloninus was sent to command Germany at age 16. Postumus was in the middle of setting up his northern rebel Empire at that time. Cologne, in Germany, was taken by the rebels. Saloninus, there resident, was captured and killed.

In the Imperial Period Roman coinage became an engine for governmental propaganda. All of the themes of the coins are celebratory of some aspect of govermental authority or achievement.

The Roman Republic was founded in response to tyrannical kings. It functioned for several centuries in a kind of balance of rich and poor people (slaves didn’t count). The general idea was that laws would constrain personal power. During the days of Julius Caesar, et al, powerful people became too powerful, and a new system of slightly constrained autocracy, the Empire, developed. The main catalog we use on this web site for Roman coins is Roman Coins and their Values, by David Sear.

Ancient Coins includes Greek and Roman coins and those of neighbors and successors, geographically from Morocco and Spain all the way to Afghanistan. Date ranges for these begin with the world’s earliest coins of the 8th century BC to, in an extreme case, the end of Byzantine Empire, 1453 AD.