ROMAN EMPIRE, Trajan, 98-117 AD, denarius

$45.00

ROMAN EMPIRE, Trajan, 98-117 AD, denarius, no date (108 AD), Rome mint, Obverse: laureate bust R, IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P, Reverse: Aequitas standing L holding scales & cornucopia, COS V PP SPQR OPTIMO PRINC, silver, 18mm, 3.4g, SR3122, F

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Description

Trajan was declared Optimo Principi (Best Ruler) by the Senate. Successful in war, generous in peace, did a lot of building and philanthropy. He used Republican ideology (in the Roman sense) as a fa├žade to cover his autocratic rule. “Best Ruler,” in that sense, meant he did as he pleased, good thing his instincts were generous.

In the Imperial Period Roman coinage became an engine for governmental propaganda. All of the themes of the coins are celebratory of some aspect of govermental authority or achievement.

The Roman Republic was founded in response to tyrannical kings. It functioned for several centuries in a kind of balance of rich and poor people (slaves didn’t count). The general idea was that laws would constrain personal power. During the days of Julius Caesar, et al, powerful people became too powerful, and a new system of slightly constrained autocracy, the Empire, developed. The main catalog we use on this web site for Roman coins is Roman Coins and their Values, by David Sear.