SAMANID Ismail bin Ahmad dirham 283 AH (896 AD) Al Shash mint


SAMANID, Ismail bin Ahmad, 892-907 AD, dirham, 283 AH (896 AD), Al Shash mint (Tashkent), silver, 29mm, 3.02g, A1443, flat spots, aVF

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Isma’il acted as a general for his brother. He established his own power in the east and there was fraternal tension. He took over the state after his brother died. The main enemy was the Saffarid state. In his reign the Samanid realm expanded to its greatest extent.

The Samanid brothers Nuh, Ahmad, Yahya, and Ilyas were governors for the Abbasid Caliphs in the 9th century AD. Successor rulers engaged in wars with each other. For a while there was a single Samanid Empire. The tendency of military governors to rebel eventually put an end to the dynasty.

The term “Islamic coins” refers to coins made by Muslim governments from the time of the first caliphs to an end point in time that varies with the particular country being considered, but is generally some time from the 17th to 19th century. There is a geographic exclusion: India and points east are generally considered separately. The main reference used here is “Checklist of Islamic Coins,” by Stephen Album.