SCYTHIAN, Aspavarma, c. 19-46 AD, billon, drachm


SCYTHIAN, Aspavarma, c. 19-46 AD (Senior), drachm, Obverse: horseman R, AOVAZZOICILENWENMAOY, Va before horse, circle before rider, Reverse: Pallas standing R, INTRAVARMAPUTRASA ASPAVARMASA STRATEGA, nandipada L, monogram 225 R, billon, 13.5mm, 2.31g, S182.1D, MA2496, VF

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Aspavarma succeeded Itravasu as the Apracharaja in the Punjab and expanded his holdings westward toward Afghanistan.

According to Senior Gondophares the Indo-Parthian conquered the most of the Indo-Scythian kingdom. He liked to rule through local governors and allowed the Apracharajas, who were there in Pakistan, to issue coins.

The Scythians were horse nomads famous for their cruelty and for riding around naked in the winter. They were active for about 500 years from Eastern Europe to India.

The earliest ancient Indian coins were the “bent bar” punchmarked silvers of the Achaemenid Persians occupying Gandhara in northwest Pakistan. By the 3rd century BC coins were in general use in most of India and Ceylon.