SCYTHIAN Vonones & Spalahores circa 75-65 BC billon drachm


SCYTHIAN, Vonones & Spalahores, circa 75-65 BC, drachm, Obverse: horseman with spear R, ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΟΩΝ ΜΕΓΑΛΟΥ ΟΝΩΝΟΥ, Reverse: Zeus standing facing holding thunderbolt & scepter, MAHARAJABhRATA DhRAMIKASA SPALAHORASA, monogram 133 R, billon, 15mm, 1.77g, S65.3, , slightly soft strike reverse, VF

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Vonones was a senior king in the early decades of the Scythian enterprise. The relationship of the associate kings has been debated.

There is a lack of unanimity in the construction of the Scythian succession in terms of who came before whom and where they did what they did.

The Scythians were horse nomads famous for their cruelty and for riding around naked in the winter. They were active for about 500 years from Eastern Europe to India. We are using two catalogue references: Oriental Coins and Their Values, Ancient and Classical World, by Michael Mitchiner, and Indo-Scythian Coins and History, by R.C. Senior. The two authors have created two rather different histories of the Indo-Scythians. In most cases I use Senior before Mitchiner in my descriptions, except for mints. Mitchiner liked to assign mints to the various marks they used on their coins. Senior made suggestions rather than definitive statements. So any indication of mint in my descriptions is apt to be Mitchiner.

The earliest ancient Indian coins were the “bent bar” punchmarked silvers of the Achaemenid Persians occupying Gandhara in northwest Pakistan. By the 3rd century BC coins were in general use in most of India and Ceylon, and in subsequent centuries struck round coins in gold, silver, and copper came into use throughout the subcontinent and beyond to Southeast Asia and Pacific islands to Java and beyond.