SELJUKS OF RUM, Kaykhusrau III, 1265-1283 AD, silver dirham


SELJUKS OF RUM, Kaykhusrau III, 1265-1283 AD, dirham, 681 AH (1282 AD), Qonya mint, Obverse: AL SULTANÂ…, 2 stars in legend, Reverse: AL MULK LILLAH and 2 stars in hexalobe, legend around, silver, 22mm, 2.91g, A1232, VF

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SELJUKS OF RUM, Kaykhusrau III, 1265-1283 AD, silver dirham

Kaykhusrau III was made Sultan when a powerful guy in the government made a deal with the Mongol Ilkhan and had Kaykhusrau’s father executed. The boy was a puppet for all of his 19 year reign.

Rum means “Rome,” and meant Anatolia. The Rum Seljuks drifted away from the united Empire of the “Great Seljuks” in the 12th century and endured for about two centuries.

The Seljuk Turks put together an empire that stretched from Anatolia to Afghanistan. They could not stop themselves from dividing their holdings in their successions. The brothers, etc. were supposed to cooperate with each other but of course they didn’t. Then came the Mongols.

The term “Islamic coins” refers to coins made by Muslim governments from the time of the first caliphs to an end point in time that varies with the particular country being considered, but is generally some time from the 17th to 19th century. There is a geographic exclusion: India and points east are generally considered separately. The main reference used here is “Checklist of Islamic Coins,” by Stephen Album.